aditya hridaya stotra lyrics

Before we begin, let us bow to Aditya, the Sun god, who bestows upon us all prosperity and who is capable of destroying all our enemies.

Aditya hridyam is a hymn to the Sun god and forms part of the canto 107 of the Valmiki ramayana. The setting is the battle field and the fight between Ravana and Lord Rama has just been suspended. The latter enters into a contemplative mood and is instructed by the sage Agastya on the glory of Aditya, the Sun God.

The great acharya without any equal, Shankara acharya, established the worship of five deities : Ganesha, Vishnu, Shakti, Shiva and Aditya. The worship establishes the unique function of each deity while remembering the unity between Them. The unity between all of us is Brahman. Established in the space-time domain, the mind mistakes that the sun rises and sets. In reality, the sun is ever-present. Similarly, we mistake ourselves to be the body-mind complex and suffer, while in reality, we are Satchitananda, one without a second. To become aware of this Truth, one has to destroy all the enemies within (like kama, krodha, lobha, mada etc.) and establish our minds at the lotus feet of the divine at all times. And recitation of this hymn will accomplish this seemingly impossible feat.

Though this hymn is said to Rama, who appears to be in a state of distress, Rama is well aware of His divinity.  As Sita says,

‘Know Rama to be the Supreme Brahman – the existence knowledge bliss (Satchitananda) absolute, the one without a second. He is pure consciousness devoid of all adjuncts, whom the senses can not perceive as their object.’

But Rama behaved very much like a human to set an example to all of us humans. By His grace, we have the teachings of Yoga Vasistha since Rama pretended to be ignorant and asked questions to vasistha.  Similarly, here we obtain an hymn capable of destroying all our internal enemies and which will bestow supreme felicity upon us, because Rama pretends to be distressed. Rama’s behaviour is also to set an example on how outwardly we may act our roles and pretend to be happy or sad, while inwardly understanding that the world is merely a mirage and the only reality is the Self, Brahman.

\medskip\hrule\medskip

{## .. atha AdityahR^idayam.h ..

tato yuddhaparishrAntaM samare chintayA sthitam.h .

rAvaNaM chAgrato dR^iShTvA yuddhAya samupasthitam.h .. 1..

daivataishcha samAgamya draShTumabhyAgato raNam.h .

upAgamyAbravIdrAmamagastyo bhagavAnR^iShiH .. 2..

Rama, exhausted and about to face Ravana ready for a fresh battle was lost

deep in contemplation. The all knowing sage agastya who had joined the

gods to witness the battle spoke to Rama thus .. 1,2

rAma rAma mahAbAho shR^iNu guhyaM sanAtanam.h .

yena sarvAnarInvatsa samare vijayiShyasi .. 3..

Oh Rama, mighty-armed Rama, listen to this eternal secret which will help

you destroy all your enemies in battle. 3

AdityahR^idayaM puNyaM sarvashatruvinAshanam.h .

jayAvahaM japennityamakShayaM paramaM shivam.h .. 4..

This holy hymn dedicated to the Sun deity will result in destroying all

enemies and bring you victory and never ending supreme bliss. 4

sarvamaN^galamAN^galyaM sarvapApapraNAshanam.h .

chi.ntAshokaprashamanaM Ayurvardhanamuttamam.h .. 5..

This hymn is supreme and is a guarantee of complete prosperity and is the

destroyer of sin, anxiety, anguish and is the bestower of longevity. 5

rashmima.ntaM samudyantaM devAsuranamaskR^itam.h .

pUjayasva vivasvantaM bhAskaraM bhuvaneshvaram.h .. 6..

Worship the One, possessed of rays when he has completely risen, held in

reverence by the devas and asuras, and who is the Lord of the

universe by whose efflugence all else brighten. 6

sarvadevAtmako hyeSha tejasvI rashmibhAvanaH .

eSha devAsuragaNA.NllokAn.h pAti gabhastibhiH .. 7..

He indeed represent the totality of all celestial beings. He is

self-luminous and sustains all with his rays. He nourishes and energizes

the inhabitants of all the worlds and the race of Devas and Asuras. 7

eSha brahmA cha viShNushcha shivaH skandaH prajApatiH .

mahendro dhanadaH kAlo yamaH somo hyapAM patiH .. 8..

He is Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Skands, Prajapati. He is also Mahendra,

kubera, kala, yama, soma and varuna. 8

pitaro vasavaH sAdhyA hyashvinau maruto manuH .

vAyurvahniH prajAprANa R^itukartA prabhAkaraH .. 9..

He is the pitrs, vasus, sadhyas, aswini devas, maruts, manu, vayu, agni,

prana and, being the source of all energy and light, is the maker of all

the six seasons. 9

AdityaH savitA sUryaH khagaH pUShA gabhastimAn.h .

suvarNasadR^isho bhAnurhiraNyaretA divAkaraH .. 10.. ## or ## bhAnurvishvaretA

He is the son of Aditi, creator of the universe, inspirer of action,

transverser of the heavens. He is the sustainer, illumination of all

directions, the golden hued brilliance and is the maker of the day. 10

haridashvaH sahasrArchiH saptasaptirmarIchimAn.h .

timironmathanaH shaMbhustvaShTA mArtANDa a.nshumAn.h .. 11.. ## or ## mArtaNDa

He is the Omnipresent One who pervades all with countless rays. He is the

power behind the seven sense organs, the dispeller of darkness, bestower

of happiness and prosperity, the remover of misfortunes and is the infuser

of life. 11

hiraNyagarbhaH shishirastapano bhAskaro raviH .

agnigarbho.aditeH putraH shaN^khaH shishiranAshanaH .. 12..

He is the primordial BEing manifesting as the Trinity. He ushers in the

Day and is the teacher (of Hiranyagarbha), the fire-wombed, the son of

Aditi, and has a vast and supreme felicity. He is the remover of

intellectual dull-headedness. 12

vyomanAthastamobhedI R^igyajuHsAmapAragaH .

ghanavR^iShTirapAM mitro vindhyavIthI plavaN^gamaH .. 13..

He is the Lord of the firmament, dispeller of darkness. Master of all the

vedas, he is a friend of the waters and causes rain. HE has crossed the

vindya range and sports in the Brahma Nadi. 13

AtapI maNDalI mR^ityuH piN^galaH sarvatApanaH .

kavirvishvo mahAtejAH raktaH sarvabhavod.hbhavaH .. 14..

He, whose form is circular and is colored yellow, is intensely absorbed

and inflicts death. He is the destroyer of all and is the Omniscient one

being exceedingly energetic sustains the universe and all action. 14

nakShatragrahatArANAmadhipo vishvabhAvanaH .

tejasAmapi tejasvI dvAdashAtmannamo.astu te .. 15..

He is the lord of stars, planets and all constellations. He is the origin

of everything in the universe and is the cause of the lustre of even the

brilliant ones. Salutations to Thee who is the One being manifest in the

twelve forms of the Sun. 15

namaH pUrvAya giraye pashchimAyAdraye namaH .

jyotirgaNAnAM pataye dinAdhipataye namaH .. 16..

Salutations to the Eastern and western mountain, Salutations to the Lord

of the stellar bodies and the Lord of the Day. 16

jayAya jayabhadrAya haryashvAya namo namaH .

namo namaH sahasrA.nsho AdityAya namo namaH .. 17..

Salutations to the One who ordains victory and the prosperity that

follows. Salutations to the one possessed of yellow steeds and to the

thousand rayed Lord, and to Aditya. 17

nama ugrAya vIrAya sAraN^gAya namo namaH .

namaH padmaprabodhAya mArtANDAya namo namaH .. 18.. ## or ## mArtaNDAya

Salutations to the Terrible one, the hero, the one that travels fast.

Salutations to the one whose emergence makes the lotus blossom and to the

fierce and omnipotent one. 18

brahmeshAnAchyuteshAya sUryAyAdityavarchase .

bhAsvate sarvabhakShAya raudrAya vapuShe namaH .. 19..

Salutations to the Lord of Brahma, shiva and Achyuta, salutations to the

powerful and to the effulgence in the Sun that is both the illuminator and

devourer of all and is of a form that is fierce like Rudra. 19

tamoghnAya himaghnAya shatrughnAyAmitAtmane .

kR^itaghnaghnAya devAya jyotiShAM pataye namaH .. 20..

Salutations to he transcendental atman that dispels darkness, drives away

all fear, and destroys all foes. Salutations also to the annihilator of

the ungrateful and to the Lord of all the stellar bodies. 20

taptachAmIkarAbhAya vahnaye vishvakarmaNe . ## or ## haraye vishvakarmaNe

namastamo.abhinighnAya ruchaye lokasAkShiNe .. 21..

Salutations to the Lord shining like molten gold, to the transcendental

fire, the fire of supreme knowledge, the architect of the universe,

destroyer of darkness and salutations again to the efflugence that is the

Cosmic witness. 21

nAshayatyeSha vai bhUtaM tadeva sR^ijati prabhuH .

pAyatyeSha tapatyeSha varShatyeSha gabhastibhiH .. 22..

Salutations to the Lord who destroys everything and creates them again.

Salutations to Him who by His rays consumes the waters, heats them up and

sends them down as rain. 22

eSha supteShu jAgarti bhUteShu pariniShThitaH .

eSha evAgnihotraM cha phalaM chaivAgnihotriNAm.h .. 23..

Salutations to the Lord who abides in the heart of all beings keeping

awake when they are asleep. He is both the sacrificial fire and the fruit

enjoyed by the worshippers. 23

vedAshcha kratavashchaiva kratUnAM phalameva cha .

yAni kR^ityAni lokeShu sarva eSha raviH prabhuH .. 24..

The Sun is verily the Lord of all action in this universe. He is verily

the vedas, the sacrifices mentioned in them and the fruits obtained by

performing the sacrifices. 24

                .. phala shrutiH ..

enamApatsu kR^ichChreShu kAntAreShu bhayeShu cha .

kIrtayan.h puruShaH kashchinnAvasIdati rAghava .. 25..

Raghava, one who recites this hymn in times of danger, during an

affliction or when lost in the wilderness and having fear, he will not

lose heart (and become brave). 25

pUjayasvainamekAgro devadevaM jagat.hpatim.h .

etat.h triguNitaM japtvA yuddheShu vijayiShyasi .. 26..

Raghava, worship this Lord of all Gods and the Universe with one-pointed

devotion. Recite this hymn thrice and you will win this battle. 26

asminkShaNe mahAbAho rAvaNaM tvaM vadhiShyasi .

evamuktvA tadA.agastyo jagAma cha yathAgatam.h .. 27..

O mighty armed one, you shall truimph over Ravana this very moment.

Having spoken this, Agastya returned his original place. 27

etachChrutvA mahAtejA naShTashoko.abhavattadA .

dhArayAmAsa suprIto rAghavaH prayatAtmavAn.h .. 28..

Raghava became free from worry after hearing this. He was

greatly pleased and became brave and energetic. 28

AdityaM prekShya japtvA tu paraM harShamavAptavAn.h .

trirAchamya shuchirbhUtvA dhanurAdAya vIryavAn.h .. 29..

Gazing at the sun with devotion, He recited this hymn

thrice and experienced bliss. Purifying Himself by sipping

water thrice, He took up His bow with His mighty arms. 29

rAvaNaM prekShya hR^iShTAtmA yuddhAya samupAgamat.h .

sarva yatnena mahatA vadhe tasya dhR^ito.abhavat.h .. 30..

Seeing Ravana coming to fight, He put forth all his effort with a

determination to destroy Ravana. 30

atha raviravadannirIkShya rAma.n

     muditamanAH paramaM prahR^iShyamANaH .

nishicharapatisa.nkShayaM viditvA

     suragaNamadhyagato vachastvareti .. 31..

Then knowing that the destruction of the lord of prowlers at night

(Ravana) was near, Aditya, who was at the center of the assembly of the

Gods, looked at Rama and exclaimed ‘Hurry up’ with great delight. 31

}  ##.. iti AdityahR^idayam.h ma.ntram.h ..  ## \medskip \hrule \medskip

Aditya Hridayam is Sarga 105 in Yuddha Kanda of Valmiki

Ramayana (Gita Press, 1995, 4th edn.)

Spread the love

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.